The bill has a victim-centred approach by mentioning imbalances in power relations that causes someone to be more vulnerable in sexual and gender-based violence cases – guaranteeing a victim’s rights for case handling, protection, and rehabilitation. These rights include access to restitution from a victims’ trust fund, integrated services to handle cases, accessibility to justice for people with disabilities, and victim recovery during and after the legal proceedings. It also instructs the provision of medical rehabilitation, psychological and social rehabilitation, and social integration.
An expanded definition of sexual violence is also included, such as physical and non-physical sexual harassment, sexual torture, forced contraception, forced sterilisation, forced marriage, sexual slavery, sexual exploitation, and online-based harassment. Despite the setback that rape and coerced abortion were left out – with parliament explaining that it would be covered in the draft of penal code revision – this is the first legislation that specifically tackles sexual violence in Indonesia.